In September 2003, the Armenian Parliament established an ‘Ad-Hoc’ Commission, and gave it a year to determine how effectively Armenia had used the hundreds of millions of dollars worth of credits, grants and humanitarian assistance it had received since independence in 1991. Mr. Vahan Hovhanessian, one of the two Deputy Speakers of Parliament was Head of Commission and nine Deputies were elected as Commission Members.
The Head of Commission invited a British associate and long-time resident in
In January 2004, because of the ongoing and Alarming Increase in the Level of Corruption in Armenia, the Head of Commission decided to re-direct the effort, from gathering and studying data, to in-depth studies of selected projects.
He instructed the Senior Specialist to study the Municipal Development Project, a $35 million World Bank project to improve water services for
The Commission had Parliamentary Authority to carry out the proposed studies; the question was whether it had the ‘Clout’ to win through against the opposition, which would inevitably come from High-Ranking Officials in the Armenian Government, who would fight to safeguard their vested interests. The Head of Commission gave Assurances that the Commission would use its full Parliamentary Authority in an attempt to Stem the Tide of Armenia’s Increasing Corruption.
On that understanding, the Commission’s Senior Specialist agreed to manage the Municipal Development Project Study and to work directly with Mr. Richard Walkling, the Authorized Representative who was managing the project for the International Operator, ACEA A. Utilities, and with Mr. Roger Robinson, the Country Manager of the World Bank in
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